Header Ads Widget

Mesothelioma and Malignant Pleura Issues and Treatment

Cancer Institute and Medical Center in Seattle Washington I would like to talk to you today about tumors involving the pleura and in specific malignant pleural mesothelioma in this podcast, we will remark what the serosa is and potential treatment choices for cancer.

Mesothelioma and Malignant Pleura Issues|Mesothelioma|Asbestos|Lung|Cancer|Peritoneal|Causes|Symptoms|Prognosis|Treatment|Law|Lawy

Involving the pleura with respect to anatomy of the pleura each lobe of the lung is covered by a double layer sac that we term pleura this covers the lung it lines the chest wall diaphragm and mediastinum we called a layer that covers the lung the visceral pleura we term the layer that covers the chest wall the parietal pleura conjointly lines the diaphragm further because the serosa the SAC round the heart the house between the 2 serous membrane.

Layers is termed the space there square measure roughly 2 to a few thousand new cases of primary cancers of the serosa or malignant serosa carcinoma that square measure diagnosed annually within the us we all know that remote exposure to amphibole could be a risk issue for developing carcinoma tumors of the serosa may also be in our most frequently secondary to metastases from cancer involving distant elements of the body.

Such as colon prostate and ovary while primary pleural malignancies and this is defined as tumors that arise from the pleura itself are fairly uncommon therefore physicians tend to have a difficult time making the initial diagnosis of mesothelioma we continue to learn more about malignant pleural mesothelioma with respect to the diagnosis management and possible treatment options we now know that for a subgroup of patient multi-modality therapy or the combined use of chemotherapy radiation and surgery is associated with better.

Outcomes than the use of any single one of those treatment options alone, therefore, survival of our patients with mesothelioma is beginning to improve up to 80% of cases of mesothelioma are associated with asbestos exposure the remaining cases can be related to family contact as well as in asbestos type causes people most often are diagnosed with mesothelioma and their 50s to 70s and males are affected more often than females it can be difficult to differentiate a malignant pleural.

Mesothelioma from a different type of cancer that we call metastatic adenocarcinoma these are two completely different types of cancer with vastly different treatment options as I mentioned before pleural tumors are more frequently metastatic cancers than mesothelioma and so we utilize many different tests to accurately make that distinction it is crucial that we have enough tissue sample or a large enough biopsy specimen to adequately characterize not only the tumor as a mesothelioma but also to distinguish which subtype of mesothelioma we have in specific epithelioid sarcoma toyed or mixed epithelioid.

Mesothelioma is that the additional favorable subtype of carcinoma and carries a larger likelihood of survival when surgical and multimodality medical aid cancer toward carcinoma consists of fusiform cells and these tumors tend to possess a less favorable outcome a part of issue in creating a diagnosing of carcinoma area unit there refined symptoms that our patient exhibits symptom or difficulty with respiration is that the commonest symptom which is sometimes because of the presence of a serous membrane effusion characterized in blue this.

Accumulates in the spaces between the visceral pleura and the parietal pleura in between the lung and the chest wall chest pain can also be common other symptoms include cough loss of appetite weight loss night sweats and even hemoptysis or spitting up blood on physical exam there may be decreased breath sounds on the affected side there can also be a mass in the chest wall and this could be painful there are a number of Radiologic tests that we order while trying to establish the diagnosis the stage which tells us how advanced cancer may be in determining if surgery is feasible and in the best interest of the patient CT scans of the chest are usually one of the first tests that we order it is readily available and it provides some very useful data PET scans help determine if there's any suggestion of disease in the other lung in the abdomen or in other areas of the body at times MRI can suggest.

Invasion into the chest wall mediastinum or across the diaphragm into the abdomen this usually indicates that surgery would not be an option that would benefit the patient all the information we gather including CT MRI PET, as well as histology from the tissue biopsy, is used to gain a better idea of the anatomy of one's mesothelioma and whether surgery will be of potential benefit for the patient the first invasive test used in an attempt to make a diagnosis of mesothelioma is typically a thoracentesis or when fluid is removed from the pleura space a thoracentesis is the use of a small catheter to drain pleura fluid that is sent for analysis to a pathologist to see if cancer cells are indeed present it is not uncommon that the pleura fluid is analyzed and does not indicate a diagnosis of mesothelioma or even.

Cancer at all even if cancer is present in that space oftentimes the next step is the use of a CT scan to guide a pleura biopsy this yields a diagnosis of mesothelioma approximately thirty to fifty percent of the time better but still not great with respect to making a definitive.

Diagnosis of mesothelioma in conclusion an activity can be performed as a rule through a solitary little cut in the chest divider a video degree is brought into the pleural space and different biopsies are taken of the pleura surfaces this is frequently an indicative mediation that outcomes in an authoritative diagnosis of dangerous pleura mesothelioma now the patient commonly is alluded to a thoracic specialist with experience and regarding patients with mesothelioma as is valid with any cancer we treat we arrange each patient with mesothelioma.

In other words we determine how advanced we believe the cancer to be when we attempt to determine the best treatment option possible we utilize all the data available to us including the CT PET CT MRI tissue biopsy and eventually add a procedure in the operating room called a cervical mediastinum skippy this is a procedure where a small incision is made at the base of the neck and mediastinal lymph nodes are biopsied.

We now know that if the mediastinal nodes are negative for cancer meaning no cancer is present that these patients live longer than if the nodes are involved with cancer if we suspect the possibility of mesothelioma existing in the abdomen we may perform a laparoscopy to assess this involves going to the operating room where a small incision and cameras are used to obtain tissue to prove the presence or not of mesothelioma in the abdomen there are two operations that thoracic surgeons may consider performing for patients with mesothelioma.

These are named pleasure ectomy in decortication or extrapleural pneumonectomy cleric time and decortication is a surgical procedure that involves removing both the viscera and parietal pleura this leaves the lung in place this can be a potential option for patients with very minimal or very advanced disease an extrapleural pneumonectomy is the complete removal of the lung with its visceral pleura the parietal pleura the diaphragm and the sac around the heart termed the pericardium we then reconstruct both.

The pericardium, just as the stomach utilizing prosthetic material we accept extramural splenectomy to be the better decision for individuals who are solid, are more youthful or who have progressively cumbersome ailment there is no best quality level treatment for mesothelioma your treatment plan relies upon the life systems of your tumor and your general status once in a while chemotherapy is done before medical procedure our thoracic gathering from Swedish has an ongoing production depicting our treatment theory and results and patients with mesothelioma treated with chemotherapy.

First followed by surgery and then radiation patients with mesothelioma are better managed in centers where there is experience and treating this type of cancer as well as with the complex surgical procedures required for removal of the entire tumor only by centralizing the care for the small number of new patients with mesothelioma seen every year to a limited number of medical centers can we continue to study learn and improve outcomes for our patients fighting this cancer in the past mesothelioma was considered to be a disease.

That could not be treated in which only pain management should be offered we have come a long way from those days we now know there are interventions that can help certain patients live longer and more comfortably the surgeries that we offer to patients have improved our ability to make accurate diagnosis before we head to the operating room we continue to experiment do research and study our results critically.

Tags: Mesothelioma, Pleura, Cancer, Pleura, Patients, Diagnosis, Lung, Treatment, Chest, patient, Causes, Issues, Layers

Post a Comment